As per a research paper, the urban housing crisis increased by 54 percent to 29 million in 2018 in India. The construction sector of our country has not been able to keep pace with the rising rental housing of the developing cities across India. Having a good quality and affordable home is a hypothetical and unachievable vision for most of India’s population. To address these issues, the government has proposed many schemes to ensure that every family should have a home to live in. Only a technology-oriented and innovative method like modular construction can make it possible to achieve this goal.
Without a second thought, we can assure you that modular construction has the benefit of being quick. When the entire procedure of this construction is planned properly, the time needed to construct a unit of structure can be decreased by 50%. For example, you can construct 300 houses using modular construction, while it would have allowed only 200 in conventional construction. This, in effect, decreases worker’s wages while still lowering overhead costs attributable to the idle time of the employees at the project to carry on the work step by step. In conventional construction, the roof cannot be installed until the walls are built, and the walls cannot be installed before the floor is completed. With modular construction, all this work can be completed seamlessly by saving time, labor, and money.
Surge of Prefabricated Buildings is a Trend
The prefab and modular boom as a ‘trend’ are greatly related to the emergence of innovative technology systems such as Building Information Modelling. The use of BIM in modular construction has many advantages. It can improve the design flow and offers data-centric knowledge based on design, design, and construction problems. In addition to it, BIM will also help developers monitor the time, costs, and errors. The sector also acknowledges the importance of modular systems to achieving environmental objectives. Besides the benefits of waste prevention, off-site prefabricated work decreases the disturbance of habitat and site; safeguards raw materials from rainfall and adverse weather, and creates a more sustainable building. Likewise, lean design, the latest term these days, focuses primarily on reducing waste, resulting in substantial savings in both budgets and plans.
Benefits of Modular Constructions to the Indian Populations
In a traditional construction project, there is a lot of waste generated at the worksite, and we all are aware of this. However, in modular construction, the waste generated during the procedure can be managed with ease by experts. Also, the waste will be collected inside the factory only, which will help you keep the environment safe.
The prefabricated building reduces engineering, labor, resources, water, and labor costs, allowing it to be cost-effective. You can surely spend a lot of money by preferring to choose this method of construction.
Lesser Construction Time
Owing to technology and innovation usage, modular construction is completed at a much faster pace than conventional ones. This modular construction method helps create the best quality and custom-built projects, which would help the developer better control the project schedules to render excellent customer satisfaction.
Robust Structure & Framework
The elements and framework used to construct a prefabricated structure are manufactured in the factory itself. These are also more durable when compared to the traditional ones. The buildings manufactured using modular construction need to follow structural specifications and bear the transport loads when the structures are shipped to the site where the building is to be built.
All the components used to manufacture a prefabricated project’s different structures are made in a single place. Hence, for sure, the manufacturing material is the same and complies with the environmental standards.
Talking of the sound quality, it is much better in a modular house when compared to the others. In conventional houses, sound passes through walls and ceilings, hence, rotating floors are sometimes used to block noise. Each module is a different structure in prefabricated buildings. The modules attached to the house are shielded from the movement of sound from one to the other. There is substantial scope for off-site modular construction in India. However, the idea is new amongst Indian builders and homeowners, presenting difficulty to the ultimate progress of technology, particularly in the housing/residential market.
The constantly increasing popularity of the prefabricated construction industry is likely to gain more and more popularity in the coming time. The majority of customers choose this alternative since it will benefit them with a high-quality, easier, cost-effective, and environmentally sustainable construction process. Also, the construction industries are going to increase their investments in the prefabricated construction procedure. This modular construction type is an increasingly reasonable option and expects its advantages and benefits to grow in the future.